Goal: 11 child
Raised: 5 child
Progress: 45.454545454545 %
The situation of rights violation and impunity is continuing to increase even after the formation of the new government. National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has expressed its concern at the continued rise in rights violation cases and the culture of impunity in the country and has urged to all to abide by the provisions of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in November 2007.
The Government of Nepal has taken a number of positive steps towards the establishment of transitional justice institutions, Draft legislation criminalizing disappearances and establishing the framework for a commission of inquiry on disappearances was approved by the Council of Ministers and submitted to the Legislature-Parliament in November 2009. (Report of UN Secretary General on Peace Process in Nepal, 07 January 2010).
In September 2010, OHCHR-Nepal released a summary of concerns entitled “Investigating allegations of extra-judicial killings in the Terai” that documents 39 incidents which resulted in the death of 57 persons between January 2008 and June 2010; in all cases there are credible allegations of the unlawful use of force by security forces. Nepal has ratified the ILO Convention No. 169 concerning rights of indigenous and tribal people that has also encouraged to the community belonging to it.
In Nepal, even after the declaration of republic and abolition of discriminatory practices, still there exist considerable gaps in the enforcement and implementation of anti-discrimination laws. The marginalized groups, Dalit, indigenous groups and victims of gender-based violence face many huddles to access justice. Caste-based and ethnicity based discrimination in Nepal is broadly recognized as one of the root causes of the community conflict. Despite the measures and increased expenditure on social causes to enforcing legal safeguards, situation has not improved and many cases are reported particularly from the southern part of the country.
Dalits and Muslim are often denied access to vital resources, such as public water taps, temples and other public places. Occupational segregation impairs Dalits’ access to employment and forces to become Haruwa/Charuwa (bonded labour) in central and eastern Terai districts. Women, children and disabled are further marginalized by excluding them in participating in decision making processes and education. The literacy rate among the marginalized, Dalit and Muslim communities is very low and awareness on their rights is none. Sexual and gender-based violence also remain prevalent in the district proposed for action. A number of factors, including religious and cultural customs, discriminatory legal provisions and a patriarchal institutional approach to the status of women, inhibit access to justice.
Considering the above mentioned scenario Aasaman Nepal focused on child protection this year and implemented below mentioned programs under child protection theme.