Basic Education Improvement in Support of School Sector Reform Programme in Nepal

On the completion of EFA program in 2009, the government launched the School Sector Reform Program (SSRP), aimed at achieving the EFA goals. It also adopted a new policy to extend the period of basic education from five to eight years, combining five years of primary education with three years of lower secondary education. The rationale for this new policy is that as the primary net enrollment rate has risen (93.7% as of 2009/10 EMIS), there will be greater need for secondary education in near future. Since secondary education has been neglected relative to primary education, there is an urgent need for its improvement, expanding access and enhancing quality.

Of the total 20926 primary schools in the country, only 61% can be called complete in the sense that they enroll students from grade one to five (Flash Report 2009/10). With the introduction of SSRP, there is a need to consider how these schools should be prepared to have additional three grades. Although the overall primary enrolment has improved in recent years, retention rate is limited. For example, the promotion rate from grade one to grade two was only 63.5% in 2009/10. As many as a third of grade 1 students either repeat or drop out before they promote to grade two. Therefore there is a need to find ways of improving quality of education in order to retain children in schools after their enrolment.

There is an increasing emphasis towards decentralization including in the field of education. Where as the central government maintain its mandate for resource allocation, actual operation of schools including classroom construction is delegated to the district and even to the community level mechanisms. Hence there is an urgent need to strengthen capacity of those mechanismssuch as district education officers (DEOs), school management committees(SMCs), teachers and communitymembers to handle issues concerning school management and quality education.


Quality of basic education is improved in the target districts

Target Areas:

Dhanusha, Mahottari, Sarlahi and Dhading districts

Target Group and Key Stakeholders:

Target Group:

Children aged 5-14 yrs


SMC members

PTA members

Key Stakeholders:

4 DEOs

17 SS/SOs

55 RPs

180 schools